Language Requirement

Applicants to the program are strongly encouraged to have some experience with one or more of the scholarly languages relevant to their research. In order to advance to candidacy (following acceptance of the dissertation prospectus), students must be proficient in two scholarly languages, as well as any additional languages needed for their work.

The language requirement can be satisfied by (a) taking and passing a translation exam offered by the relevant department; (b) taking a Yale summer session reading course; (c) passing a translation exam set by a faculty member in Religious Studies; or (d) achieving a grade of A or B in one of Yale’s intermediate language courses. Transfer credit for language work completed elsewhere is accepted on a case by case basis.